Journalists are writing stories that should have been written last week and saved in a folder for publication today — the outcome of this fiasco was that predictable. The United Nations is a deeply flawed organization unable to accomplish its stated purposes, much less meet the needs and expectations of the multitudes of oppressed and suffering around the world who look to it in desperation as their last and only hope. Unfortunately, some of these purposes are mutually exclusive: Maintain international peace and security.
Why Did Democracy Fail? After its defeat in World War I, Germany adopted a democratic form of government with a constitution and free elections.
But barely 14 years later, the elected German parliament voted to hand over its powers to Adolph Hitler. Inthe modern state of Germany was formed. During the 19th century, many people had yearned to unite Germany, but one man was responsible, Chancellor Otto von Bismarck of Prussia.
Working for the Prussian monarch, Bismarck had provoked two short wars—one with Austria and the other with France—to achieve his goal of uniting Germany. The new reich had a constitution and parliament Reichstag. But the power rested with the chancellor chosen by the emperor, the kaiser.
When war erupted between Austria and Serbia, Russia and France threatened to intervene.
World War I had broken out. Kaiser Wilhelm largely ignored the Reichstag and directed the war along with his top generals headed by Field Marshal Paul von Hindenburg. Germany had to fight on two main fronts—the eastern and western. In the east, the war went well. A new communist government in Russia sued for peace in In the west, the Germans advanced quickly, but were stopped about 60 miles from Paris.
The western front turned into a stalemate, with neither side able to advance. Inhowever, the United States entered the war against Germany. Throughout the war, the kaiser and his generals had assured the German people of victory. In the fall ofhowever, with defeat certain, the German generals suddenly called for an armistice, a ceasefire until the signing of a peace treaty.
Most Germans were shocked. As a condition of the armistice, U.
President Woodrow Wilson demanded that Kaiser Wilhelm give up his monarchy. The kaiser agreed and left Germany for exile in Holland. The German Reichstag assumed the responsibility of signing a peace treaty.
Before the Reichstag politicians could act, mutinies by sailors, soldiers, and workers broke out all over Germany. Many set up local governing councils and called for communism as in Russia. The German army and marauding bands of right-wing soldiers broke up these governing councils.
Amid the pandemonium, the politicians in the Reichstag promised a new form of government—a democracy. Despite the chaos and a Communist Party boycott, 83 percent of German voters including women for the first time turned out in January to elect a National Assembly.
The purpose of this body was to write a new constitution and negotiate a peace treaty with the victorious Allied Powers. The city was considered safer from left- and right-wing extremists than Berlin, the capital.
The delegates debated a constitution for several months and finally agreed to adopt a republic, a representative form of democracy. The members of the upper house were appointed by regional governments.
Each German state sent representatives to this body based on its population.Divide the class into two groups. Assign each group a pro or con position on the following thesis statement: Given the circumstances of the Weimar Republic, it was doomed to failure.
A s the turbulence of global economic crisis starts to recede, the two fundamental features of the world economy in our times re-emerge. One is the gap between rich and poor countries. Two hundred. For anyone remotely interested in these issues Why Nations Fail is a must-read.
Acemoğlu and Robinson are intellectual heavyweights of the first rank, the one a professor of economics at MIT, the other a professor of political science at Harvard. Oct 17, · The Israel Victory Project steers U.S. policy toward backing an Israel victory over the Palestinians to resolve the Arab-Israeli conflict.
Decades of what insiders call “peace processing” have left matters worse than when they started. Why Nations Fail Based on Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty by Daron Acemoglu and James A.
Robinson Daron Acemoglu MIT But also some degree of political centralization for the states to be able to e⁄ectively enforce law and order. Acemoglu (MIT) Why Nations Fail April 27, 7 / Descriptive Why Nations Fail takes an in depth look into why some countries flourish and become rich powerful nations while other countries are left in or reduced to poverty.
Throughout this book review I will discuss major arguments and theories used by the authors and how they directly impact international development, keeping in mind that.