The objective of this essay is to provide a brief overview of the history of adult attachment research, the key theoretical ideas, and a sampling of some of the research findings. This essay has been written for people who are interested in learning more about research on adult attachment. Bowlby's Theory of Attachment The theory of attachment was originally developed by John Bowlby -a British psychoanalyst who was attempting to understand the intense distress experienced by infants who had been separated from their parents. Bowlby observed that separated infants would go to extraordinary lengths e.
An abstract may act as a stand-alone entity instead of a full paper. Most literature database search engines index only abstracts rather than providing the entire text of the paper.
An abstract allows one to sift through copious numbers of papers for ones in which the researcher can have more confidence that they will be relevant to his or her research.
Once papers are chosen based on the abstract, they must be read carefully to be evaluated for relevance. It is generally agreed that one must not base reference citations on the abstract alone, but the content of an entire paper.
According to the results of a study published in PLOS Medicinethe "exaggerated and inappropriate coverage of research findings in the news media" is ultimately related to inaccurately reporting or over-interpreting research results in many abstract conclusions.
An academic abstract typically outlines four elements relevant to the completed work: The research focus i. Abstract length varies by discipline and publisher requirements. Typical length ranges from to words, but very rarely more than a page and occasionally just a few words. Abstracts are typically sectioned logically as an overview of what appears in the paper, with any of the following subheadings: In articles that follow the IMRAD pattern especially original researchbut sometimes other article typesstructured abstract style is the norm.
Abstracts that comprise one paragraph no explicit subheadings are often called unstructured abstracts by publishers. They are often appropriate for review articles that don't follow the IMRAD pattern within their bodies.
Background Drafting in cetaceans is defined as the transfer of forces between individuals without actual physical contact between them. This behavior has long been surmised to explain how young dolphin calves keep up with their rapidly moving mothers.
It has recently been observed that a significant number of calves become permanently separated from their mothers during chases by tuna vessels. A study of the hydrodynamics of drafting, initiated inmechanisms causing the separation of mothers and calves during fishing-related activities, is reported here.
Results Quantitative results are shown for the forces and moments around a pair of unequally sized dolphin-like slender bodies.
These include two major effects. First, the so-called Bernoulli suction, which stems from the fact that the local pressure drops in areas of high speed, results in an attractive force between mother and calf. Second is the displacement effect, in which the motion of the mother causes the water in front to move forwards and radially outwards, and water behind the body to move forwards to replace the animal's mass.
Thus, the calf can gain a 'free ride' in the forward-moving areas. Conclusions A theoretical analysis, backed by observations of free-swimming dolphin schools, indicates that hydrodynamic interactions with mothers play an important role in enabling dolphin calves to keep up with rapidly moving adult school members.
This is an Open Access article:Constructive Research is the second step in research methods. Constructive Research encompasses the area of theory, and doesn't require that your research be based on solidity. It is more based upon theories, hypotheses, and case studies.
It is used to test theories. Empirical Research is . The University of Alabama celebrates the ongoing efforts of faculty and staff to engage students in innovative research and entrepreneurship. The University is committed to providing faculty and students with the resources and staff support that turn imagination and inspiration into reality.
Childhood experiences, both positive and negative, have a tremendous impact on future violence victimization and perpetration, and lifelong health and opportunity.
As such, early experiences are an important public health issue. Much of the foundational research in this area has been referred to as.
Federal Government Corporations: An Overview Congressional Research Service 2 The Government Corporation: Contested Definitions What is a federal government corporation, and what are the essential characteristics of a.
Thus, ethnography may be defined as both a qualitative research process or method (one conducts an ethnography) and product (the outcome of this process is an ethnography) whose aim is . The second example gives a bit of research but still emphasizes the personal opinion.
The third example, however, still gives the writer's opinion (that childhood obesity must be addressed), but it does so by synthesizing the information from multiple sources to help persuade the reader.