Merchant ships fill San Francisco harbor; c. Guidon of the California Company Company A during the Civil War Depiction of the completion of the first transcontinental railway. The Last Spike by Thomas Hill. Following the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo February 2, that ended the war, the westernmost portion of the annexed Mexican territory of Alta California soon became the American state of California, and the remainder of the old territory was then subdivided into the new American Territories of ArizonaNevadaColorado and Utah.
March 29,AntarcticaBritish naval officer and explorer who led the famed ill-fated second expedition to reach the South Pole — Scott joined the Royal Navy in and by had become a first lieutenant. While commanding an Antarctic expedition on the HMS Discovery —04he proved to be a competent scientific investigator and leader and was promoted to captain upon his return to England.
Scott writing in his diary in his quarters in orduring the —13 British Antarctic Expedition to the South Pole. Library of Congress, Washington, D.
Its aims were to study the Ross Sea area and reach the South Pole.
Equipped with motor sledges, ponies, and dogs, he and 11 others started overland for the pole from Cape Evans on October 24, On December 10 the party began to ascend Beardmore Glacier with three man-hauled sledges.
By December 31 seven men had been returned to the base. The remaining polar party—Scott, E. Oates, and Edgar Evans—reached the pole on January 17, Exhausted by their trek, they were bitterly disappointed to find evidence that Roald Amundsen had preceded them to the pole by about a month.
Antarctic campCamp of the Scott polar expedition in Antarctica, c. The weather on the return journey was exceptionally bad. Evans died at Beardmore February Food and fuel supplies were low. The three survivors struggled on for 10 miles With quiet fortitude they awaited their death—11 miles from their destination.
On March 29 Scott wrote the final entry in his diary: It seems a pity, but I do not think I can write more. After his death Scott was regarded as a national hero for his courage and patriotism, and his widow was given the knighthood that would have been conferred on her husband had he lived.Robert Falcon Scott: Robert Falcon Scott, British naval officer and explorer who led the famed ill-fated second expedition to reach the South Pole (–12).
Scott joined the Royal Navy in and by had become a first lieutenant. The Englishmen Robert F. Scott and Ernest Henry Shackleton led three expeditions between and Early Exploration of Tibet, Nepal, Tartary, the Himalaya, Karakoram, Introduction.
Rather than provide a comprehensive history of the area or its discovery and exploration by the west, the main purpose of this section is to provide an overview that ties together my books and reading on these topics. The journal of Antarctic explorer Captain Robert Scott describes the final days of his failed expedition.
20th Century. Doomed Expedition to the South Pole, Sinking of the Titanic, 1st Woman to Fly the English Channel, The two expeditions employed entirely different strategies. Amundsen relied on dogs to haul his men and. is and in to a was not you i of it the be he his but for are this that by on at they with which she or from had we will have an what been one if would who has her.
Essays and criticism on Robert Falcon Scott's Scott's Last Expedition - Critical Essays. Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin