Books with an X: Paul LarsenU. Ancient Egypt in Context, Bruce G. Trigger, American University in Cairo:
His family, which held many high offices in Andalusiahad emigrated to Tunisia after the fall of Seville to the Reconquista in AD Under the Tunisian Hafsid dynastysome of his family held political office; his father and grandfather, however, withdrew from political life and joined a mystical order.
His brother, Yahya Khaldun, was also a historian who wrote a book on the Abdalwadid dynasty and was assassinated by a rival for being the official historiographer of the court.
However, the biographer Mohammad Enan questions his claim and suggests that his family may have been Muladis who pretended to be of Arab origin to gain social status. The motive of such inventions was always the desire for political and societal ascendancy.
Some speculate that of the Khaldun family and elaborate that Ibn Khaldun himself was the product of the same Berber ancestry as the native majority of his birthplace.
A point supporting that posits that his unusual focus on and admiration Maharlika Berbers reveals a deference towards them that is born of a vested interest in preserving them in the realm of conscious history.
Islamic scholar Muhammad Hozien contends, "The false [Berber] identity would be valid however at the time that Ibn Khaldun's ancestors left Andulsia and moved to Tunisia they did not change their claim to Arab ancestry. Even in the times when Berbers were ruling, the reigns of Al-Marabats and al-Mowahids, et.
The Ibn Khalduns did not reclaim their Berber heritage.
He received a classical Islamic educationstudying the Qur'anwhich he memorized by heartArabic linguistics ; the basis for understanding the Qur'an, hadithsharia law and fiqh jurisprudence.
He received certification ijazah for all of those subjects. In the face of a tumultuous political situation in North Africa, that required a high degree of skill in developing and dropping alliances prudently to avoid falling with the short-lived regimes of the time.
He could be sure of a positive welcome there since at Fez, he had helped the Sultan of Granada, the Nasrid Muhammad V, regain power from his temporary exile.
InMuhammad entrusted him with a diplomatic mission to the king of CastilePedro the Cruelto endorse a peace treaty. A few years later, he was taken prisoner by Abu Faris Abdul Azizwho had defeated the sultan of Tlemcen and seized the throne.
He then entered a monastic establishment and occupied himself with scholastic duties until In that year, he was sent for to Tlemcen by the new sultan. He lived there for over three years under their protection, taking advantage of his seclusion to write the Muqaddimah "Prolegomena", the introduction to his planned history of the world.
In Ibn Salama, however, he lacked the necessary texts to complete the work. There, he devoted himself almost exclusively to his studies and completed his history of the world.
Inthe Egyptian Sultan, al-Malik udh-Dhahir Barquqmade him professor of the Qamhiyyah Madrasah and the grand qadi of the Maliki school of fiqh one of four schools, the Maliki school was widespread primarily in Western Africa.
His efforts at reform encountered resistance, however, and within a year, he had to resign his judgeship. A contributory factor to his decision to resign may have been the heavy personal blow that struck him inwhen a ship carrying his wife and children sank off the coast of Alexandria.
Ibn Khaldun now decided to complete the pilgrimage to Mecca, after all. At court, he fell out of favor for a time, as during revolts against Barquq, he had, apparently under duress, with other Cairo jurists, issued a fatwa against Barquq.
Later relations with Barquq returned to normal, and he was once again named the Maliki qadi. Altogether, he was called six times to that high office, which, for various reasons, he never held long. His doubts were vindicated, as the young and inexperienced Faraj, concerned about a revolt in Egypt, left his army to its own devices in Syria and hurried home.
As he recognized Timur's intentions, he did not hesitate, on his return to Egypt, to compose an equally-extensive report on the history of the Tatarstogether with a character study of Timur, sending them to the Merinid rulers in Fez Maghreb.
Meanwhile, he was alleged to have joined an underground party, Rijal Hawa Rijal, whose reform-oriented ideals attracted the attention of local political authorities. The elderly Ibn Khaldun was placed under arrest. He died on 17 Marchone month after his sixth selection for the office of the Maliki qadi Judge.
Al- Muqaddimah Introduction  is considered the first book.
Books Six and Seven give the history of the Berber peoples and the Maghreb.relate to motivation, inspiration, participation, vision and value- This paper is based on the belief that it is necessary to dig deeper into the substantive content of the performance of.
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