They continue to reflect the attitudes of both government and the general public, who remain staunchly opposed to the manufacture or use of nuclear weapons. The Japan Self-Defense Forces have never made any attempt to manufacture or otherwise obtain nuclear arms, and no nuclear weapons are known to have been introduced into the Japanese Home Islands since the end of World War II.
Originally discovered by Polynesians between and C. This was soon changed to Nieuw Zeeland, after Zeeland in Holland. Extensive European settlement did not begin untiland New Zealand remained a Maori culture. Whalers from the United States and Britain frequently sailed New Zealand waters, married or had children with Maori women, and introduced trappings of Euro-American culture, especially muskets.
Missionaries began their activities around In the s, gold was discovered, bringing Chinese miners from Australia as well as Nuclear free new zealand and Hong Kong. Business and banking were supported by a Jewish population. Other minorities who have retained much of their culture are Polish, Lebanese, Yugoslav, and Dutch.
Regional cultural distinctions tend to be between North Island and South Island, coinciding largely with population composition and size. Half a million Maori plus nearly two million Pakeha Caucasians of Europeans descent live in the north, and eight hundred thousand mostly Pakeha live in the south, culturally subdivided between English Canterbury and Scottish Otago.
The emerging culture leans increasingly on Maori symbolism in art and literature. Maori culture taonga is being reinvented, and parts of it are incorporated in ceremonies and other public events. Visiting dignitaries receive a Maori welcome, and the All Black Rugby Team the national team performs a haka challenge before games.
Several other islands are under New Zealand's jurisdiction.
The three main islands are miles 1, kilometers long and miles kilometers wide and contain great topographic and climatic variation. The Southern Alps run the length of the western part of the South Island, with peaks over 9, feet 3, meters.
North Island has three peaks over 6, feet 2, metersand there are three active volcanoes. Moving glaciers, deep fjords, and large lakes are characteristic of South Island.
The climate varies from subtropical in Northland to continental in Central Otago. The country was two-thirds deforested by the time of the European settlement, and so the high country is largely tussock South Island and secondary bush North Island with extensive pine plantations. Inthe population was 3,, including 2, on the North Island andon South Island.
Eighty-five percent are urban dwellers, with Auckland, the largest city, approaching one million in population. Along with descendants New Zealand of the Chinese, recent immigrants have come from southeast Asia. The original Maori population has been estimated at two hundred thousand.
Bytheir decline as a result of war and disease to just over forty thousand was viewed as the signal of a dying culture or race. The population has risen steadily since then. The success of the campaign for Maori pride has allowed people to identify themselves without regard to skin color.
This demographic and social phenomenon has been assisted by the setting up of the Waitangi Tribunal to hear the claims of iwi requesting redress of wrongs resulting from their ceding of sovereignty to Britain. The official language is English, but all government institutions and some private ones use Maori as well.
While 99 percent of Maori speak English, few Pakeha speak Maori.
Preschool Maori children attend Kohanga-reo language nests to learn Maori. Universities have Maori studies departments.
Maori is a Malayo-Polynesian language. A national flag, coat of arms, and anthem are important symbols. Other symbols tend to be commercial or cultural and are of Maori origin.
The national airline has a stylized Koru fern leafall the national sports teams have a fern leaf, the feathered cloak of a Maori chief is used on ceremonial occasions, and haka is performed before international rugby matches.
The kiwi, a flightless, nocturnal bird unique to New Zealand, is the symbol for everything from New Zealand. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation.
Maori have a commemorative and oral history whose major instrument of record is the genealogy whakapapawhich is recorded in the structure of the marae meeting house and in the moko tattoo worn by many Maori.New Zealand Post issued this special stamp featuring the international peace symbol to communicate New Zealand's opposition to nuclear weapons and nuclear testing, and its hope that the world will one day be nuclear free.
David Lange stated that if the security alliance was the price New Zealand must pay to remain nuclear-free, ‘it is the price we are prepared to pay’.
In , 52% of New Zealanders indicated that they would rather break defence ties than admit nuclear-armed ships.
Nuclear proliferation is the spread of nuclear weapons, fissionable material, and weapons-applicable nuclear technology and information to nations not recognized as "Nuclear Weapon States" by the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT.
Proliferation has been opposed by many nations with and without nuclear weapons, as. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. Maori have a commemorative and oral history whose major instrument of record is the genealogy (whakapapa), which is recorded in the structure of the marae (meeting house) and in the moko (tattoo) worn by many Maori.
Maori history features ties with ancestors and with the land. The movement did not achieve their goal of reaching a nuclear free Pacific ocean, but they did achieve a nuclear free New Zealand. In , the CND began their campaign by organizing a petition they called “No Bombs South of the Line,” which argued for the establishment of a .
New Zealand was involved with anti- nuclear protests from the ’s – ’s. One of the focal points was the nuclear testing at Mururoa Atoll and wider French Polynesia from the 60’s. Some forms of protest included marches and petitions.