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Previous Index Next Aristotle: For Aristotle, movement meant more than something travelling from A to B. Just like his predecessor Heraclitus, Aristotle recognised that everything in the world is in a state of flux.
Aristotle argued that behind every movement there must be a chain of events that brought about the movement that we see taking place. Aristotle argued that this chain of events must lead back to something which moves but is itself unmoved.
This is referred to as the Prime Mover. There cannot have been a first change, because something would have to have happened just before that change which set it off, and this itself would have been a change, and so on.
In his book Metaphysics literally after physicsAristotle calls this source of all movement the Prime Mover. The Prime Mover to Aristotle is the first of all substances, the necessary first sources of movement which is itself unmoved. The Prime Mover causes the movement of other things, not as an efficient cause, but as a final cause.
In other words, it does not start off the movement by giving it some kind of push, but it is the purpose, or end, or the teleology, of the movement. This is important for Aristotle, because he thought that an effective cause, giving a push, would be affected itself by the act of pushing.
Aristotle believed the prime mover causes things to move by attraction in much the same way that a saucer of milk attracts a cat. The milk attracts the cat but cannot be said to be changed in the process!
Aristotle was keen to establish that the Prime Mover is itself Unmoved, or unaffected, otherwise the whole concept would break down. The Final Cause causes movement as the object of desire and love. If God did give things an initial push then he himself would be changed.
Instead God draws things to himself and remains unaffected. The stars and the planets move out of a spiritual desire to imitate God. They do this by moving in eternal circles. Aristotle believed that God exists necessarily, which means that God does not depend on anything else for existence.
He never changes or has any potential to change, never begins and never ends, and so is eternal. Aristotle argued that the Prime Mover had to be immaterial. It could not be made of any kind of stuff, because matter is capable of being acted upon, it has potential to change.
Since it is immaterial, it cannot perform any kind of physical, bodily action. Therefore, Aristotle thought, the activity of the Prime Mover, God, must be purely spiritual and intellectual.Love Calls Us To The Things of This World The Video Clip And The Reading About The Poem Theme About The Author By Richard Wilbur Richard Wilbur is an American Poet and literary translator.
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|INTRODUCTION by Joseph H. Peterson.||Spessa gives fighting tips to a nose picking guy. Crazy Cat Lady Mr.|
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|Aristotle: the Prime Mover||By love I mean a noble and sensuous passion, absorbing the energies of the soul, fulfilling destiny, and reducing all that has gone before it to the level of a mere prelude. The indigenous nature of the soul|
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