There was a time when light was a symbol of enlightenment and self-realization but that has quickly changed. Now when we talk about light in darkness, it is usually the light of your smartphone lighting up for a new notification.
Netherlands See also: The Chinese students scored particularly well compared to other nations in mathematics. One explanation for the Chinese results may be a culture emphasizing education and competitive examinations and more time spent studying in part due to less participation in activities such as sports.
Teaching have become a higher status occupation. Also, industrialized Shanghai which has done important educational reforms may not be representative for the rest of China. The OECD director of the testing, Andreas Schleichersaid that the results were expected to produce astonishment and had been examined for accuracy by international experts after the OECD received the Shanghai scores.
He also said that the results "refute the commonly held hypothesis that China just produces rote learning" and "Large fractions of these students demonstrate their ability to extrapolate from what they know and apply their knowledge very creatively in novel situations".
Between andthe number of engineers and scientists more than doubled to 1.
Relative to population size this is still low compared to major developed nations like the United States and Japan but the gap is rapidly closing. Chinese universities contribute an unusually large share of patents.
In totalhave returned to China with this occurring in particular in recent years. China offers several benefits for high-achieving foreign educated Chinese who return to China. Students are now also returning because increased job opportunities unlike previously when many stayed abroad due lack of jobs in China.
The senior management in high-tech companies are often foreign educated. They have been seen as an important channel for bringing trade, investment, and modern technology to China by both commercial activities and public non-profit cooperation. Industrial espionage[ edit ] One of the objectives of Chinese intelligence activity abroad is alleged to be industrial espionage as well gaining military technology.
Also private companies have been accused of espionage. Intelligence agencies suspect that thousands of Western companies may have been affected by data breaches that can be traced back to China.
NGO international exchanges and cooperative activities had increased. The China Association for Science and Technology and related organizations as well as the National Natural Science Foundation of China participated in many cooperative international organizations. Later in the s many multinational corporations started transferring technology by entering into joint ventures with Chinese companies in order to expand in China.
China in the s introduced increasingly sophisticated regulations of foreign investment by which access to the Chinese market was traded for technology transfer. The entry of China into the World Trade Organization in required this practice stop but critics argue that it continues.
Chinese critics have argued such technology transfer may be useful for catching up but does not create new, cutting edge technologies. Corporations have argued that this is a necessity in order to adapt products for the local requirements of the Chinese market as well as it being essential for maintaining global competitiveness to make use the many available Chinese engineers and scientists.To determine the top science, technology, engineering and math schools, U.S.
News looked at the top public schools from our latest Best High Schools rankings, and then evaluated their students. Find coverage of the latest technology trends & headlines and science breakthroughs & discoveries at MSN News.
Get the latest technology news, articles and op-eds. A look at the innovations and technologies that are shaping the future and changing the world.
Home >> Science & Technology >> Climate Change >> What is the Forest Service Doing to Help? What is the Forest Service Doing to Help? To foster climate-informed, sustainable land management across the country, the Forest Service has a long history of engaging in climate change research.
Science and technology have developed rapidly in China during the s to s. The Chinese government has placed emphasis through funding, reform, and societal status on science and technology as a fundamental part of the socio-economic development of the country as well as for national prestige.
The words science and technology can and often are used interchangeably. But the goal of science is the pursuit of knowledge for its own sake while the goal of technology is to create products that solve problems and improve human life. Simply put, technology is the practical application of science.