Like your first assignment, this assignment also has two distinct parts. For Part 1, you will create an educational program, event, or piece of literature such as a like a pamphlet targeted at a diverse population that incorporates best health promotion and disease prevention practice.
By Michael Eisen Published: February 20, The soul of academic science is being destroyed, one patent at a time. There are a dizzying number of patents involved in this dispute, and many more players staking claims to what has the potential to be billions of dollars in royalties down the road.
But the heart of the matter is rather simple. The Broad counters that they should get the rights to the application of CRISPR-based gene editing in humans and other eukaryotes which include all animals, fungi and plants — i.
If academic science worked like it should we all would have spent the subsequent five years focused only on figuring out all the cool things we could do with this new toy — and there are a lot of cool things. But where we should have seen nothing but scientific opportunity, many saw dollar signs, and the flurry of CRISPR activity beginning in has become as much a patent gold rush as a journal of discovery.
The academic quest for patents is no longer the side story. This is bad enough. The Broad set up a website describing their patent claims, which includes the following statement: This Patent which draws priority from a provisional patent application filed in December contained successful experiments.
Implying, absurdly, that the Berkeley application did not. Written under the conceit of giving credit to forgotten scientists, Lander wove a sweeping story of scientists toiling in obscurity until The Broad stepped in an made their work important.
Doudna and her close collaborator Emmanuelle Charpentier were once again reduced to bit players in this narrative. This was all clearly done as part of a public relations strategy to support their patent case, in which the assault on reality continued.
He was once a scientist. In science something is not known until you demonstrate it. This is what any good scientist should say when they have yet to prove that something is true. By pretending that this is a statement about the patentability of CRISPR in eukaryotic cells, The Broad is once again misrepresenting the scientific process and condemning Doudna for little more than being a careful scientist and speaking honestly about it.
That scientists working in fields with commercial potential should never speak honestly about their work and the scientific process? That if they do they will get screwed over by someone unscrupulous who prioritizes winning patents and trains their scientists to behave like clandestine operatives rather than the public servants they really are?
Sadly, there will always be venal and weak people in science — it is, after all, a human endeavor. But we do not need to feed them. And there is a simple way to reverse this trend: Academic science is, after all, largely funded by the public.
And not too long ago they did.
But legislation passed in — the Bayh-Dole Act — gave universities the right to claim patents on inventions made by their researchers on the public dime. Prior to these patents belonged to the federal government and many languished unused. The logic of Bayh-Dole was that, if they owned patents in their work, universities and other grantees would be incentivized to have their inventions turned into products, thereby benefiting the public.
But this is not how things worked out. Encouraged by a small number of patents that made huge sums, universities developed massive infrastructure to profit from their researchers.
The patent battle between UC and The Broad is likely to last for years. It would be so much easier if the US government simply placed all work arising from federal dollars into the public domain.
Taxpayers would benefit by allowing the market, and not university licensing offices, to decide whose ideas and products make the best use of publicly funded inventions. And most importantly we all would benefit returning academic science to its roots in basic discovery oriented research.
We have to fix this problem now or there will be countless other Jennifer Doudnas slimed by colleagues, their contributions to science attacked not for their validity or importance, but for their impact on some other institutions patent portfolio.
The soul of academic science is at stake. The model for these initiatives is the well-regarded Human Genome Project. However Collins, who headed this project in its final years, learned all the wrong lessons from this effort, focusing on central planning and control, and the generation of massive datasets, while ignoring the importance of technology development.
Hence his signature projects as NIH director have been ill-conceived and wasteful of precious research funds. Scientists are herded into consortia and spend endless hours on conference calls to produce data that are of fleeting value.Lead poisoning is a type of metal poisoning caused by lead in the body.
The brain is the most sensitive. Symptoms may include abdominal pain, constipation, headaches, irritability, memory problems, inability to have children, and tingling in the hands and feet.
It causes almost 10% of intellectual disability of otherwise unknown cause and can result in behavioral problems. Medical Dark Ages Quotes. By Wade Frazier. Revised in July Introduction.
Section 1. Section 2. Section 3. Section 4. Section 5. Section 6. Section 7.
The Word of Wisdom, A Modern Interpretation THE WORD OF WISDOM, A MODERN INTERPRETATION John A. Widtsoe Leah D. Widtsoe John A. Widtsoe and Leah D. Widtsoe. The American Journal of Health Promotion defines health promotion as the science and art of assisting people in adjusting their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health, this is a balance between different dimensions including physical, emotional, social, spiritual, and intellectual health (O’Donnell, ).
Through health promotion, prevention, and intervention, the future of healthcare can be based on educating the public to promote longevity and quality of life by . Running head: THE HEALTH PROMOTION AND DISEASE PREVENTION ISSUES The Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Issues Related to a Sedentary Lifestyle Phyllis J.
Wilson, R.N. Excelsior College Abstract A sedentary lifestyle has become commonplace and is a key focus among researchers delving into chronic disease .