Tectonic earthquakes occur anywhere in the earth where there is sufficient stored elastic strain energy to drive fracture propagation along a fault plane.
Have each group share its assessment with the class. Did the groups come up with similar proposals? What neighborhoods do they think are the most at risk and why? Do they all agree on the riskiest neighborhood?
Would they like to be in the position to assess a real city's earthquake risks?
Why or why not? Refer to the Scenario Fact Sheet for clues about what students might discover. Assign the Take Home Activity Sheet: Write a Letter for homework.
Ask students to choose one of the two highest-priority neighborhoods of their fictitious city and write a letter to its residents. The letter should inform residents of the reasons why their neighborhood is at risk, describe what might happen to their homes during the next earthquake, and provide some recommendations for minimizing their risk.
This activity is a logical extension of the proposal that students completed and provides them with an opportunity to consolidate their thinking and practice persuasive writing techniques.
Adaptations Have older students hypothesize some of the political complications that can arise when a city or region is planning to retrofit its structures in preparation for the next earthquake.
Ask them to find out about the progress that has been made since the Loma Prieta Earthquake of near San Francisco and to write a paragraph explaining the role of politics in the retrofitting process. Do they think, from a political perspective, that the situation has been handled appropriately or should policies have been made differently to make sure that the Bay Area is prepared for the next major earthquake?
Discuss the reasons why an earthquake that measures 6. Explain the reasons why it is important to know about the types of substrate on which a city's neighborhoods are built. Imagine that an earthquake has hit your town, causing a downtown building to collapse.
Describe the destruction process, starting with the initial tremor and its resulting waves and ending with the collapse of the building.
Discuss the ways in which people can work together to make sure that their neighborhood is as safe as possible in the event of an earthquake. Hypothesize the reasons why the earthquakes in Turkey damaged so many structures and killed so many people.
Hypothesize the reasons why, despite modern technology and construction capabilities, many structures in the world's earthquake-risk zones have not been retrofitted. Evaluation Use the following three-point rubric to evaluate students' work during this lesson.
For this lesson to be successful, students must pay close attention to your directions and follow all the steps on the Classroom Worksheet. Inform students that you will be evaluating them on their ability to listen and follow directions as well as on their groups' final proposals.
Students showed exemplary performance or effort in cooperating efficiently in their groups; completed all sections of the Classroom Worksheet; followed all directions to present proposals that reflect thorough research and a clear understanding of the differences between the neighborhoods and the potential impacts of an earthquake Two points: Students showed average performance or effort in cooperating in their groups; completed all sections of the Classroom Worksheet; followed most directions to present proposals that reflect some research and an adequate understanding of the differences between the neighborhoods and the potential impacts of an earthquake One point: Students showed below-average performance or effort in cooperating in their groups; did not complete all sections of the Classroom Worksheet; followed few directions and did not present proposals that reflect thorough research or a clear understanding of the differences between the neighborhoods and the potential impacts of an earthquake Extensions Learn from the Past, Prepare for the Future Have each group research one major earthquake, such as the Loma Prieta or the Northridge quake, and focus on their impact on people's lives.
Then have each student write a paragraph explaining what the public should know about earthquakes to prepare themselves for the next one. As a follow-up, ask students to find out how individuals and families can prepare for an earthquake. Organizing a Public Education Campaign Have each group develop a public education campaign alerting citizens to the potential danger of earthquakes.
The campaigns could include posters, brochures, or a Power Point presentation. Make sure the groups identify the real or fictitious city they are educating and describe the potential risks facing the city and actions that can minimize damage.
Have groups present their campaigns to the class.Table 1. Numbers of M ³ earthquakes worldwide in the twentieth century.
The numbers of earthquakes reported in the National Geophysical Data Center file called "EQ" greatly exceed those reported by Hal Lindsey from his unspecified U.S. Geological Survey source. Jerusalem (Hebrew: יְרוּשָׁלַיִם Yerushalayim; Arabic: القدس al-Quds) is an ancient Middle Eastern city of key importance to the religions of Judaism, Christianity, and grupobittia.coms no city on earth binds the hearts of believers in so complete a way.
Today Jerusalem is the capital of Israel and the home of its legislature, the Kenesset, although that designation is disputed. In an earthquake, the initial movement that causes seismic vibrations occurs when two sides of a fault suddenly slide past each other.
A fault is a large fracture in rocks, across which the rocks have moved. A look at the worst earthquakes in recorded history, in loss of human life. (The March 11, , earthquake and tsumani that affected eastern Japan is not included because the fatalities caused.
An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic grupobittia.comuakes can range in size from those that are so weak that they cannot be felt to those violent enough to toss people around and destroy whole cities.
Latest Earthquakes. Latest earthquakes map and list. Tap/click on "gear icon" for options and settings. Earthquake Lists, Maps and Statistics.